1. Refer to the texts by name. Author/title
2. HOOK your reader from the first sentence. It must be more creative than: When comparing text a and text b….
3. BE SPECIFIC! What’s your evidence? Make the reader go back to the texts, tell them where to go to.
IB EXAM PAPERS NEED TO BE written with academic STYLE: http://library.bcu.ac.uk/learner/writingguides/1.20.htm
+ a little help from our friends at Harvard: http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~wricntr/documents/edit2.html
Q’s To Approach Your Texts With.
1) Frame of Reference. “Under my UMBRELLA…ella ella a a a…”
How can you put the two texts under ONE umbrella?
These two texts help one shape an opinion of:
Both texts speak to the importance of:
These texts focus on the role of:
2) IS IT RAINING?
Why is the umbrella needed?
Is this umbrella needed in all parts of the world?
Is the umbrella only helpful to certain people at a certain time?
If we didn’t think about the topic being explored…what would we be missing out on?
How does the theme of reference feed back into your personal life?
It is ok for the texts not to always get along. They won’t. You need to be explicit about where the tensions are. Where would the two creators disagree?
Linking of A and B.
The nature of Paper one demands that you take an organized approach to linking the text. In order to be organized, use transitional expressions of comparison and contrast (similarly, moreover, likewise, on the contrary, conversely, on the other hand).
FOR OUR SECOND PAPER ONE PRACTICE, you will take on the following model to organize your work:
P-Point. What’s the POINT of looking at these two texts together? What message do they both achieve?
E-Evidence. Where is the evidence FROM BOTH TEXTS to prove that the point is being made?
T-Techniques. What does the author do, in order to put forward a point? Use of tone, style, ethos, pathos, logos, structure.
E-EXPAND. How does culture play a part in CONSTRUCTING or receiving the message?
R-RESPOND. How does the primary purpose of both texts encourage a response from you? Is it an intellectual response? An emotional response?
How to fail by Seth Godin
There are some significant misunderstandings about failure. A common one, similar to one we seem to have about death, is that if you don’t plan for it, it won’t happen.
All of us fail. Successful people fail often, and, worth noting, learn more from that failure than everyone else.
Two habits that don’t help:
- Getting good at avoiding blame and casting doubt
- Not signing up for visible and important projects
While it may seem like these two choices increase your chances for survival or even promotion, in fact they merely insulate you from worthwhile failures.
I think it’s worth noting that my definition of failure does not include being unlucky enough to be involved in a project where random external events kept you from succeeding. That’s the cost of showing up, not the definition of failure.
Identifying these random events, of course, is part of the art of doing ever better. Many of the things we’d like to blame as being out of our control are in fact avoidable or can be planned around.
Here are six random ideas that will help you fail better, more often and with an inevitably positive upside:
- Whenever possible, take on specific projects.
- Make detailed promises about what success looks like and when it will occur.
- Engage others in your projects. If you fail, they should be involved and know that they will fail with you.
- Be really clear about what the true risks are. Ignore the vivid, unlikely and ultimately non-fatal risks that take so much of our focus away.
- Concentrate your energy and will on the elements of the project that you have influence on, ignore external events that you can’t avoid or change.
- When you fail (and you will) be clear about it, call it by name and outline specifically what you learned so you won’t make the same mistake twice. People who blame others for failure will never be good at failing, because they’ve never done it.
If that list frightened you, you might be getting to the nub of the matter. If that list feels like the sort of thing you’d like your freelancers, employees or even bosses to adopt, then perhaps it’s resonating as a plan going forward for you.
Today in class, answer the Q’s To Approach Texts with (1-3). Post your response here, please.