Paper 1 Practice Time

Questions for your Written Analysis:

1. Whose views are being represented?
2. What or whose interests are being served? (how does someone benefit from the message
involved in the text?)
3. What are the intentions behind the message?
4. What cultural assumptions are being made?
5. Does this text EXCLUDE anyone? If so, how?
6. What emotions does this text ask of the reader?
7. Who do you need to be in order to appreciate this text?
8. What is the appearance of this text, and how does the ‘look’ of the piece influence you?
9. Would different genders read this text differently? How?

Thanks to The New York Times and artist Christoph Niemann, we have our very first ‘text’ for Paper 1 Practice:

Due at the end of Tuesday’s Class:  You are meant to select any three of the above questions to focus on.  It should be roughly 400-500 words in length.

17 responses to “Paper 1 Practice Time

  1. – What emotions does this text ask of the reader?
    • Infuriate readers (anger)
    • Amusement
    • Pity
    • Indignation

    – What is the appearance of this text, and how does the ‘look’ of the piece influence you?
    • Colorful – strong colors (Red & blue) to attract readers
    • Cartoon-like
    • Looks like red squiggly worms across blue soil
    • Arrows indicate the opinions from place to place
    • Not serious
    • Mocking
    • Shaped like a closed-up globe
    • Take it as a joke
    • The title clearly tells me the white text within the red boxes are “stereotypes”

  2. – What cultural assumptions are being made?
    – Does this text EXCLUDE anyone? If so, how?
    – What emotions does this text ask of the reader?

    – The cultural assumptions that are being made are that everyone in the country is what most people make them to be. Most of these stereotypes mostly originate from the views of directors in movies or of the people on the internet. In this text, North Americans are conceived to be narcissistic and fat. This assumption probably originated because Americans that are active on the internet tend to think they are always right and that their country is much superior to others. Cultural assumptions also originate from historical context, in this case where Europe colonized most of the world, which then raised the stereotype of Europeans being heartless and arrogant. The Middle Eastern stereotype of it’s citizens being “bad” originated from the 9/11 terrorist attack which killed hundreds of Americans, and since the author of the cartoon is an American, it makes sense for them to think the worst of the Middle Eastern. The conflict in the Middle East has also been going on since 1948 and is not resolved until this very day, which also adds to people’s views on the Middle East as it being a “bad” place to be in. Africa is stereotyped as being the home of great runners because in the history of olympic events, most runners that win either a gold, silver, or bronze are Africans. Due to the fact that the author is North American, the map of the United States take up more than half of the “world” map.

    – This text excludes most of Asia and Australia most probably because people of the Western world tend to view Asia as insignificant to America. The economy of countries in most of Asia, excluding China and Japan are not as influential as most of the countries in the West and therefore makes sense that an American cartoonist does not put Asia in the cartoon.

  3. This definitely is a text for everyone from everyone. This text shows that everyone in the world, no matter of where you are, what nationality or culture, we all judge and stereotype. Some of the things in this text can be used to show that what you say about people might not be right. Its just the matter of opinion.
    Just by looking at this text, you can see that this can be used to prove that no country is better than the other. Everyone has their own weakness and strength, for example what the European thinks of Americans is different from what China thinks of the Americans. Also, this shows that you are not the best, you might think of all the weakness in others, but others can definitely find a weakness in you. People might not think of you the way you do to yourself, what others think of you does not always be what you expect. That is why the title of the text is ”useless stereotypes”, useless mean “not fulfilling or not expected to achieve intended purpose or outcome”. The meaning of ‘useless’ proved that no one could fulfill the expectations of anyone/everyone.

  4. 1. Whose views are being represented?
    How we view the world in a simpler way.
    2. What is the appearance of this text, and how does the ‘look’ of the piece influence you?
    Its a picture with different colors and symbols, which then help us to understand those stereotypes easier as the visual helps us.

  5. 1. Whose views are being represented?
    3. What are the intentions behind the message?
    5. Does this text EXCLUDE anyone? If so, how?

    The views of the countries/continents are based on the opinions of what people are saying. For example in the Middle East, the stereotype arrows are that all of them are ‘bad’. This assumption is made due to past experiences or the events that happened like the 9/11. After that incident, people have seen Middle Eastern people differently and assuming that all muslims are bad people, especially Americans since that event happened there and have killed thousands of Americans. There are also false assumptions such as great runners are from Africa, but in reality the gold medalist in running (women) in this year’s Olympics is American, and she completed the race while she was pregnant! Most of these stereotypes are made by adults in the 21st century, or what people in the past thinks as people are now more open-minded, especially towards racial issues and sexual orientations.
    The intention behind the message or the purpose of making this text is that the reader wants people to know that stereotypes do not apply to every single one, thus the inspiration for his title “The World Map of USELESS Stereotypes”. The source of the arrows in the text represents the country that stereotypes the end of the arrow shows the country that the stereotype is made to. Reading these stereotypes have made me realize how much assumptions are made by past events, attitudes, and influence from mass media.
    In this map I’ve noticed that it excluded Australia and other parts of Asia. The writer either does not think that any stereotype is going on in that country or he just wanted to focus on the major stereotypes. The majority and repetitive stereotype that is happening is in the Middle East (terrorists assumption) and Europe being arrogant. It is such a significant fact that when you type “why are Europeans so” on google, the second suggestion would be “why are Europeans so arrogant?” Most Europeans are more reserved than Americans, and this might be one of the factors why they are considered as arrogant. Historical events and major wars between the two continents might also have something to do with it.

  6. As we can see in the text, this text represents a country’s point of view of others. Expressed in an image which shows us a rather “doodle-ish” and irregular map in eye-catching colors, Niemann directly stated what people of a country or just a region would think about some other countries. Each country has their own point of view, or preferences, or even more specific, the countries they keep their eye on (not necessarily a good thing). I think Niemann has successfully representing each countries with their own complaints to other countries.

  7. What cultural assumptions are being made?

    Christoph Niemann, the writer and creator of the World Map of Useless Stereotypes, is a German illustrator and graphic designer to the New York Times. This was created in July 2011.

    There are many cultural assumptions made in this piece, in fact, this piece is created out of cultural assumptions. Not everything is true out of this piece – not all of West Europe is arrogant, not all of America is fat, not all of Middle East is bad, and so on. They are just assumptions based on what have happened over the past decades in Niemann’s perspective – the Americans have huge cases of obesity, Western Europeans have luxurious lifestyles and high incomes, and some countries of Middle East have been undergoing some terrorism conflicts and wars with the Western – which also made the minds of Western think they are bad.

    What are the intentions behind the message?

    There are intentions behind the message such as people of West Coast are nerds because they have a lot of world-class universities and they produce many works for the American intelligence such as NASA and American technology such as Apple, Oracle, and Google and on the other hand, West Coast people think Northeast people are jerks because they control the country as that is where some of the most influential cities of USA are located (Washington, New York). The intentions of saying that Middle East is bad and Pakistani rocket scientists are not necessarily used in a good way is a way to mock that the Middle East and its surroundings are only interested in the destruction of the Western and they don’t know what they’re doing once the Western leaves their countries. The case of China thinking America are crybabies because of the loss of jobs and downfall of economy and America calling China copycats due to what they do to race America’s economy and feed a billion of people. One thing that catches my mind about messages and purposes are that places other than Middle East, Pakistan, Japan, and China are not made fun in extreme ways – they are called ‘Cana-who?’, ‘narcissictic’, ‘knows $#%@ about baseball’, and ‘great runners’, but they are not called ‘bad, bad, bad, bad, bad’, ‘prejudiced’, or ‘rocket scientists (not necessarily in a good way)’. Perhaps what this text is really telling is that the entire world except for these parts are not as intense in handling things as they are, however, that all comes back to the Niemann’s opinion and what he thinks of what these countries do.

    What is the appearance of this text, and how does the ‘look’ of the piece influence you?

    This text appears very subjective to me because I think Niemann was expressing what he thinks of the world and how everybody around him are stereotypes. I’m not blaming Niemann alone for what he put in Middle East, Pakistan, and others, but obviously the people that he had interviewed or asked in the making of this text are biased to the Eastern European and Middle East. There are facts in this text such as Africans are great runners – it is true, many Africans that compete in the Olympics always ended up as top runners, but that doesn’t make other countries not great runners. Manhattan people moved to Brooklyn because the living cost in Manhattan is very high and some people would rather spend it on something else like education or lifestyle. However, the ‘look’ of this piece doesn’t affect me a bit because I am very objective in reading this piece. I know that there are a lot of things in this piece, which I had mentioned earlier, are not true.

  8. 5. Does this text EXCLUDE anyone? If so, how?
    This map excludes half of south america, australia, new zealand, asia (except for china, japan, pakistan, india and middle east), greenland and little islands scattered around the globe such as madagascar, easter island, and countless others.
    I’m not exactly sure of the reason why those countries/islands aren’t in the map. However, according to my opinion, the author wants to focus more on the useless stereotypes of the countries that are present in the map. Another possible reason is that maybe there aren’t many useless stereotypes for the countries/islands that aren’t on the map.

  9. 1). What are the intentions behind the message?
    2. What is the appearance of this text, and how does the ‘look’ of the piece influence you?
    3. Would different genders read this text differently? How?
    I think this text tries to give the readers a thought of how each nation has their own stereotype. This text also indicates the perspective from both sides, for example how the Americans see Europeans as people who never fat, and while the Europeans see Americans as fat people. This text also gives the reader a thought of how ironic this world is, because some countries think the opposite way with what other countries think of them, such as the West Coast people think that the North East are jerks, and the North East people think that they’re nerds. This shows that their stereotypes are contrasting to each other.

  10. 1. Whose views are being represented?
    5. Does this exclude anyone? if so, how?
    7. Who do you need to be in order to appreciate this text?

    The views that are represented in the map are mostly from the USA. As you can see from the map, more than half of the map are the US. The Europe area are not divided in detail as how America is and just according to America they are all arrogant and nothing else, but if this map is viewed from Europe’s perspective, they would probably have each countries different perspectives to other countries in Europe. Another obvious reason is that America’s views of the Middle East are all bad. According to the people from Middle East, they will not say that they are bad themselves because they have their own perspective of good and bad. It is just that America has the opposite perspectives of good and bad from Middle East. If this map is viewed from the perspective of Middle East, they would also put arrows in the American area that they are all bad.

    This map excludes South East Asia, Australia, and Korea. This map also excludes the divided parts of the countries involved inside this map. This map doesn’t have these parts of the world because the map is viewed mostly from the Americans’ perspective and they don’t really “connect” with the existence of SEA, Australia, and Korea. They don’t really have any relationships with each other compared to China, Middle East, Europe, and South America. Americans know that most of them have the same ethnicity as Europeans. Some of the Americans also has the same ethnicity as Africans. They had war with the Middle East and assume that most of them are labelled as terrorists. China and Russia are both communist countries making them an enemy of America which doesn’t believe in the good of communism. China are also one of the biggest suppliers of labor for Americans products. Japan had a war with America in the WWII. There are many more obvious relationships between America and these countries, but it seems that they don’t have any important or obvious relationships with the other countries not included in the map. Americans think that Asia is all filled with only Japan and China.

    It needs to be read or viewed from the Americans to understand and get the humor out of this because people from around the world outside of America doesn’t really understand the opinions of the people inside America. Half of all the text written in this map is mostly arrows from and to America’s different parts. If Europeans see this map, they would probably not agree that they are arrogant to each other, they would probably have other opinions to different european countries but its just that the Americans doesn’t know anything about the relationships of the Europeans.

  11. Who’s views are being represented?
    What are the intension behind the message?
    What is the appearance of this text and how does the “look” of the piece influence you?

    It is based on the creators point of view and perspective. I guess the arrows shows opinions on what the creator thinks about it. Also the American, European and some Asian countries are represented. Although it not represented in a very friendly and respectful way, with all the insults and bad comments, but probably it is the truth of what they think about each other. The intention behind this message is that every one has a different perspective towards one another. Or probably what the world think about these countries represented. It is obvious that the Middle East Conflict comes to no end, thats why it is written “bad, bad, bad”. And also another information given, which is obviously clear is in the Northern part of Europe, which is the United Kingdom. Everyone knows that they are very arrogant. Another very strong example is China, they copy everything, mostly everything. Thats why they are called the copycats. So, perhaps this pictures represents how the world sees each part of the world. They just keep insulting and saying bad stuff. No one thinks positively about others because they don’t want anything to be better than who they are. The appearance of the text is really eye-catching and interesting, especially with symbols in it too. I honestly like it. I like the way he created it, the way he represents it and in really simple words. It has colors and it is also designed very cartoony which makes it look so simple. I have this curiosity of the whole map. I want to see how the map would look like if it was a complete map and not just a part of the world that is being represented. I guess it would look really interesting and nice to look at. With pictures like this, people can understand the world more and in an easier way because of the simple explanation, catchy and understandable language and visuals. It influence me to see the world differently. It is a really big world, no one knows what could happen out there one day especially after seeing this picture,

  12. As we can see from the creators of this text it is created from the views of New Yorkers (mainly NY Times staff and Christoph Niemann) as to what they see is the view of the Americans towards the world. But it seems like they are trying to represent the views of the world towards the world In a collection of stereotypes point of view. With the look of this map being very catchy with it’s neon CMYK color scheme that tends to spark interest, also its very interesting labeling in the twirly arrows that head in different directions that also expresses the views of each country towards others (mostly neighbor rivalry) or just what they think of others in general. The design really influences me because it makes me want to read the map one by one instead of just as whole and not dissecting it. It’s not just about the aesthetics, but also the placing/mapping of this map, seeing as America takes up more than half of it then we could tell who this is coming from and from what views. Also, this text exclude a lot of countries by eliminating the half of the world onto a non-stereotypical NYer view.

  13. •The text excludes many countries which aren’t well known and criticized, such as Australia, Many eastern European countries, small islands and parts of Africa.

    •The text is meant to be humerous but when a readers country is stereotyped, many readers would feel offended and insulted

  14. 6. What emotions does this text ask of the reader?
    I think the readers should have a sense of humor, because if this text is taken too serious, it might cause a little problem.
    9. Would different genders read this text differently? How?
    Not really, because the text can relate to both sides, women and men.

  15. 1. Whose views are being represented?
    2. What or whose interests are being served? (how does someone benefit from the message
    involved in the text?)
    3. What are the intentions behind the message?
    4. What cultural assumptions are being made?
    5. Does this text EXCLUDE anyone? If so, how?
    6. What emotions does this text ask of the reader?
    7. Who do you need to be in order to appreciate this text?
    8. What is the appearance of this text, and how does the ‘look’ of the piece influence you?
    9. Would different genders read this text differently? How?

    1. The ideas came from an American point of view, as everything in the picture is somehow connected to America, and you can see that the US covers over half the picture.

    3. The intention behind this picture is the fact that everyone is stereotypical against one another, and their view on others are most likely false/useless. Thus, people should stop viewing people by their race but as who they are.

    7. I think that the best way to appreciate this text is to be a 3rd person; someone from a nation that is not present in the text. While also be someone who has been to many nations or have learnt about their culture.

  16. 3. What are the intentions behind the message?
    The intentions behind this text is to tell people that stereotypes are useless. This text is there to make people aware how much stereotypes that people have nowadays, which is not always true. Christoph Niemann, who is the creator of this message must have understood what kinds of stereotypes exist between different countries. For example, how Americans think that all Europeans are arrogant when Europeans think that all Americans must be fat.

    7. Who do you need to be in order to appreciate this text?
    People who do not belong to any of the countries that is on the text would be the ones who can truly appreciate this text. It is because people from those countries that are listed on this text will disagree and feel offended about this text.

    8. What is the appearance of this text, and how does the ‘look’ of the piece influence you?
    It is very artistic. Not much words. Easy to focus.

  17. 1. Whose views are being represented?
    We can see that the views that are shown are mainly America’s and New York’s. Take a look at what takes up most of the map and also how bloated Manhattan has become. The proportions would clearly show that this is very much an American view point of not only what they think of other countries but what other countries think of America. Also another reason why I think mainly America was the one that thought of all this is when we take a look at the Middle East, the arrows all say “bad”.
    4. What cultural assumptions are being made?
    The cultural assumptions that are made of nearly all countries are opinions that everyone has, in other words this is no way an objective view point. The text clearly makes America seem as though they are very lazy and extremely narcissistic. When we look at how westernized Asia has become, one huge symbol would be the two golden arcs of McDonalds. That symbolizes fast food and it originated in America so yes that is why that assumption was made. Also we can that Europe is made out to be very arrogant and pompous. With what they have conquered before they think that they run the world and that they are still the best. When a foreigner goes to a restaurant in France, it is very likely that unless you have celebrity status or have the ability to speak french, you won’t get any good service. The waiters would think your not worth it and that you come from a lower class country. That is an assumption that is commonly made especially through all the gossip tourists tell their friends back home. We can see that the assumptions are countless. Just because Middle East are currently in war and did many terrorist acts doesn’t mean all of the Middle East are “bad”. Pakistan believes that Indians are disgusting and vile while in fact most are still very hygienic and modern. Brooklyn thinks of New York as a bad place to live and to get quality life, Brooklyn is the place to be while New York thinks of them as people who can’t afford to live in the big apple. A similar battle is with China and Japan, in this map they both think of each other as prejudice. The list can go on and on.
    7. Who do you need to be in order to appreciate this text?
    You need to be someone with life experience. One that has been called out just for being something or believing in something. To be insulted by someone who doesn’t even understand the whole picture or your own culture. This pain will allow you to both laugh and understand this text and actually feel what those arguments between countries are all about.

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